Flood Management Activities Flood Management Activities

After the unprecedented floods in the country in 1954, the Govt. of India announced a National Policy on Floods comprising three phases viz.-

  1. The immediate,
  2. The short term and
  3. The long term measures.

The flood control activities in Assam started mainly after the announcement of National Water Policy. Subsequently, "outlined plan for flood control in Assam" along with various comprehensive plans were prepared and the priority areas, which need immediate and urgent attention were identified.

Till date, the Water Resources Department has taken up works primarily for the general development of the rural sector and for the protection of major townships in both the Brahmaputra and Barak valley. Schemes have also been taken up to relieve the drainage congestion in the cities and other important areas.

  1. Construction of Embankments and Flood walls
  2. River training and bank protection works
  3. Anti erosion and town protection works
  4. River channelization with pro siltation device
  5. Drainage improvement/ Sluices`
  6. Raised Platform
  7. Flood forecasting and warning
  8. Flood zoning

The Water Resources Department, Assam has been implementing the above mentioned flood management schemes from the beginning of 2nd Five Year Plan and is continuing till now. The up to date physical achievement is as follows:

Length of Embankment  4473.82 Km.
Raising & Strengthening of Embankment 655.502 Km
Anti-Erosion and town protection works  911 Nos.
Drainage schemes  874.966 Km
Sluices                        (Major) 94  Nos.
                                            (Minor)  545 Nos.

            

No long-term measures have been implemented so far to mitigate the flood and erosion problems of the state. Till date only Immediate and short-term measures are implemented by the state Water Resources Deptt. as stated above.

Implementation of the above structures, have provided reasonable protection to about 16.50 Lakh Hectares of flood affected areas out of the total 31.05 Lakh Hectare of flood prone area as identified by the R.B.A. for the state. This flood prone area of 31.05 Lakh hectares comes to about 39.58 % of the total land area of Assam. Whereas the flood prone area of the country as a whole comes to about 10.2 % of the total area of the country, it signifies that the flood prone area of Assam is four times the national mark of the flood prone area of the country.

brahmaputra map

Length of Embankment

Sl.No.

Name of Division

Division Wise Length (in Km.)

Name of District 

District Wise Length (in Km.)

1

Dibrugarh

364.358

Dibrugarh

290.508

2

Sibsagar

368.995

Tinsukia

73.85

3

Jorhat

238.54

Sibsagar

368.995

4

Majuli

189.214

Jorhat

347.254

5

UAID, Jorhat

55.35

Golaghat

133.85

6

Dhemaji

199.051

Dhemaji

199.051

7

Dhakuakhana

104.155

Lakhimpur

432.184

8

N. Lakhimpur

328.029

Sonitpur

220.328

9

Tezpur

220.328

Karbi Anglong

34.162

10

Nagaon

232.047

Nagaon

232.047

11

Morigaon

173.328

Morigaon

173.328

12

Guwahati East

78.14

Kamrup (M)

38.765

13

Guwahati West

216.89

Kamrup (R)

274.865

14

PGP

18.60

Dorrang

183.138

15

Mangaldoi

183.138

Udalguri

16.00

16

Nalbari

229.51

Nalbari

229.51

17

Baksa

68.70

Barpeta

188.974

18

Barpeta

188.974

Baksa

52.70

19

Chirang

26.105

Chirang

26.105

20

Kokrajhar

26.611

Bongaigaon

25.54

21

Dhubri

67.13

Kokrajhar

26.611

22

Goalpara

58.10

Dhubri

41.59

23

Diphu

34.162

Goalpara

58.10

24

Karimganj

180.14

Cachar

474.349

25

Silchar

424.709

Karimganj

195.80

26

Cachar Invstegation

44.23

Hailakandi

128.246

27

Hailakandi

149.316

N.C Hills

0.00

28

Haflong

0.00

Dima Hasao

0.00

Total

4465.85

Total

4465.85

 

Funding Pattern of Flood Management Works

The flood management works of the state are being funded from the following sources. Due to limitations of fund of its own, the state has to rely more upon the grant of the Central government. At present, the flood management activities are being carried out with the following funding –

  1. Flood  Management  Programme  (FMP)
  2. Additional Central Assistance (ACA)
  3. State Plan
  4. North Eastern Council (NEC)
  5. Non-lapsable Central Pool of Resources (NLCPR)
  6. Joint River Commission (JRC)
  7. Assistance from external agencies (NABARD)
  8. Externally Aided Project (ADB)

 

News & Events News & Events

NOTICE
The Website is launched on 9/6/15 by Hon'ble Minister of Water Resources Sri Basanta Das.

Secretary,
Water Resources Department, Assam

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